The early name of this city was “Mutina” and dates back to the Roman age, while its origin tracks down to the Palaeolithic era. Its historic centre treasures a jewel of Romanesque art – the Modena Cathedral. The symbol of the city is the Ghirlandina Tower, which the surface is adorned with balustrades resembling garlands.
The Ducal Palace hosted the House of Este and its Painting Gallery, one of the most prestigious in Europe for over two centuries. The Este Dukedom was a refined court, which stood out for its outstanding governance and contributed not only to the early production of balsamic vinegar, but also to make it famous all over the Europe. It currently hosts the Italian Military Academy and part of its baroque rooms are accessible to visitors.